Milk production surplus, low milk prices dairy farmers mixed up-法拉利599gto

The raw milk dairy farmers milk price slump overcapacity: mix down the high cost of milk price, small farmers why "defeat" to restore the milk? The picture is a dairy farm. Zhai Yujia agency issued photo Beijing, Beijing, September (Qiu Yu) 18, the sales price is not enough to pay the cost of production, some dairy farmers are China suffered losses. Dairy farmers face more headaches when some companies refuse to collect milk and import milk powder. Some enterprises use cheap reconstituted milk as milk or pasteurized milk. Milk prices slump, dairy farmers: mixed up, 18 years of dairy cows, Dong Changlin said, "this year" mixed up". There were four dairy households and 1250 cows in a cooperative in Dong Changlin Town, Zhejiang City, Ningbo Province, but only one Dong Changlin kept the last 200 cows. He supplied raw milk to local dairy enterprises. The purchase price of the enterprise is 4.3 yuan per kilogram, but the cost per kilogram is 5 yuan, that is to say, 1 kilograms of raw milk will be lost 7 cents per production. As a whole, the loss is as high as 1 million a year. Many dairy farmers have to opt out. The other three cows sold last year, "he said, when the introduction of each cow was 30 thousand yuan, according to the price of meat is sold at slaughter, per head of less than 10 thousand yuan, a loss of about 20000000 cooperatives. In fact, compared with the northern region, Dong Changlin’s original milk prices in the town is still relatively high. Societe Generale Securities (7.580, -0.08, -1.04%) released the report shows that, starting in July this year, the northern main producing provinces milk prices for several weeks in the price of 3.39-3.40 yuan per kilogram fluctuations. In addition to the low milk prices, some milk companies refused to accept the phenomenon of dairy farmers also hit. Many dairy farmers in Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and other dairy provinces complain that milk enterprises purchase raw milk a day, and "one more drop" is not necessary". Societe Generale Securities pointed out in the report, the first half of 2016, the amount of milk, the total reached xianshou mainly rejected the amount of milk 10%, small dairy farmers and milk station capacity continue to eliminate. The picture is a dairy farm. Zhai Yujia agency issued photo one of the reasons for excess raw milk production of dairy farmers in trouble is overcapacity in raw milk. Liu Jiangcheng in the dairy farming big county – Harbin Shuangcheng district has done dairy farm director, according to his memories, a few years ago, consumers confidence in the domestic dairy products have recovered, many people began to import cows, invest in factories. According to the China Dairy Industry Association released the "2016 annual analysis of the dairy industry situation next year and the work of ideas" in the data, from 2011 to 2015 of 5 years, China’s dairy imports were 694 thousand and 600, the import volume is 1.67 times from 2001 to 2010 10 years. Construction of super large scale dairy farms. Data show that only the first half of this year collected media reports, a total of 16 projects signed, started, put into production, of which more than 10000 ranch 11, the total breeding scale of 268 thousand, with a total investment of nearly 12 billion yuan. "Many people loan cattle." Liu Jiangcheng said, according to the local policy, the number of cows more than 300, and)

原奶产能过剩奶价低迷 奶农:混不下去了   成本高奶价低,小奶农为何“败”给了复原乳? 图为奶牛养殖厂。 中新社发 翟羽佳 摄   中新网北京9月18日电(邱宇) 由于销售价格不足以支付生产成本,中国的一些奶农正遭遇亏损。在部分企业拒绝收奶、进口乳粉大量涌入的压力之外,奶农还要面对更头疼的问题——有些企业用廉价复原乳冒充常温奶或巴氏奶。   奶价低迷 奶农:混不下去了   养了18年奶牛,董长林说,今年“混不下去了”。   董长林所在的浙江省宁波市横街镇某合作社原本有四家奶户,1250头牛,但如今只剩董长林一人养着最后的200头牛。   他向本地乳企供应原奶。企业收购价是每公斤4.3元,但每公斤成本是5元,也就是说,每生产1公斤原奶就会亏损7毛钱。全算下来,一年亏损额高达100万。   许多奶农只好选择退出。“其他三家去年把奶牛全卖掉了,”他说,引进时每头牛3万元,卖时按宰肉价算,每头不到1万元,合作社亏了2000多万。   其实,与北方产区相比,董长林所在镇的原奶价格还在相对高位。兴业证券(7.580, -0.08, -1.04%)发布的报告显示,从今年7月开始,北方主产省区奶价连续数周在3.39-3.40元 公斤的价位波动。   除了奶价低迷,部分乳企拒收现象也让奶农受到打击。内蒙古、黑龙江等奶业大省的多名奶农抱怨,乳企每天限量收购原奶,“多一滴也不要”。   兴业证券在报告中指出,2016年上半年,主要省拒收限收的奶量达到总奶量的10%,小奶农和奶站产能继续淘汰。 图为奶牛养殖厂。 中新社发 翟羽佳 摄   原奶产能过剩   让奶农陷入困境的原因之一是原奶产能过剩。   刘江城在奶牛养殖大县——哈尔滨市双城区做过奶牛养殖场厂长,据他回忆,几年前,消费者对国产奶制品的信心有所恢复,许多人开始进口奶牛、投资建厂。   据中国乳制品工业协会在《2016年度乳制品行业形势分析及下年度工作思路》中发布的数据,从2011年至2015年的5年间,我国进口奶牛共计69.46万头,进口量是2001年至2010年10年间的1.67倍。   超大型规模奶牛场纷纷建设。数据显示,仅今年上半年收集到的媒体报道信息,共有签约、开工、投产项目16个,其中万头以上牧场11个,总饲养规模26.8万头,总投资近120亿元。   “许多人贷款养牛。”刘江城说,根据当地政策,奶牛数超过300头、并符合其他条件的话,可以获得300万元补助,但养殖场真正能拿到手的补助只有一半。   “现在奶价跌了,当地多数奶农都想把厂子卖掉。”他说。   对此,中国乳制品工业协会指出,由于奶牛养殖业的盲目发展,导致原料奶产能过剩,一些地方出现卖奶难,乳品企业和奶牛饲养业都承受了很大的压力。 北京市一家超市正在进行牛奶促销活动。中新网 邱宇 摄   进口乳粉冲击国内市场   一方面是原奶产能过剩、奶农卖奶难,另一方面,乳企正大量收购进口的大包粉。   所谓大包粉,就是用原奶制成的原料粉。“进口乳粉卖2万元一吨,国产乳粉成本就要3万多一吨,乳企当然会选便宜的。”刘江城说。   国产原奶在价格上处于明显劣势。根据国际奶业经济学会的数据,2015年全球全年原奶平均价格为1.85元 千克,美国2.37元 千克,新西兰1.65元 千克,我国10个主产区原奶平均价格为4.05元 千克。   饲料价格高、单产量低是背后原因。刘江城说,我国的奶牛一般每头每天产奶20公斤,年产6吨,而国外品种较好的奶牛每头年产量高达10吨以上。   饲料方面,董长林说,粗饲料中的苜蓿草在美国400元一吨,在宁波卖3000元一吨,精饲料中的玉米在美国2毛多一斤,在宁波便宜点也要9毛多一斤。   “成本不在一个起跑线上,怎么跟人家竞争?”董长林反问。 北京市一家超市销售的牛奶。中新网 邱宇 摄   被冒充的常温奶和巴氏奶   在董长林看来,进口乳粉对市场的冲击并不是主要问题。   “巴氏奶是用巴氏消毒法处理的鲜奶,很难被进口乳粉取代,因为保质期短,本地奶源具有优势。”董长林说,但问题是,有些企业用复原乳冒充常温奶或巴氏奶,廉价销售,断了奶农最后一点竞争希望。   他说,“宁波过去有1万头奶牛,鲜奶销量为一天20吨,现在只剩下3000头奶牛,销量却增加到120吨,这多出来的100吨鲜奶是哪里来的?”   复原乳俗称还原奶,是指把新鲜牛奶经过高温杀菌干燥制成乳粉后,再还原成液态奶的乳制品。广东省奶业协会顾问王丁棉指出,巴氏奶能保存绝大部分的营养,但复原乳要经过多次高温、脱水、加水的过程,会造成营养成分的流失。   根据《乳品质量安全监督管理条例》,使用复原乳作为原料生产液态奶的,应当标明“复原乳”字样,并在产品配料中如实标明复原乳所含原料及比例。   2005年出台的《关于加强液态奶生产经营管理的通知》明确规定,在巴氏杀菌乳生产中不允许添加复原乳。   今年5月中下旬,湖北省食药监局通报了对10余家企业进行突击检查的情况,多家企业因未按规定标注“复原乳”字样被要求整改。   记者调查发现,目前市场上标注“复原乳”的产品很少,多数液态奶包装上会标注“生牛乳”。对此,王丁棉说,乳企使用复原乳而不进行标注的现象并不少见。 北京某超市销售的一款巴氏奶,配料显示为“生牛乳”。中新网 邱宇 摄   寻找出路   艰难生存的奶农正在寻找新的出路。   近几年,通过对生鲜乳进行及时加工,向消费者提供新鲜乳品的“鲜奶吧”迅速普及。董长林也开了一家“鲜奶吧”,用来弥补养殖场的亏损。   “早上5点取奶,最晚卖到下午5点,有些新鲜牛奶能在出炉半小时之后被喝掉。”他说。   王丁棉认为,奶农在议价、定价方面是弱势群体,“鲜奶吧”是被乳品企业压价和拒收奶逼出来的。   他说,“鲜奶吧”的经营者多有自有牧场或生鲜奶源,经营更具专业性,主营新鲜的牛奶和低温奶品。有助于奶农的增收,也能使奶农降低市场风险。   与互联网结合的商业模式也开始发展。“人人牧场”是一个平台,用户能通过平台认养奶牛,并享受鲜奶配送上门的服务。   人人牧场创始人王景星说,奶农把原奶交给乳企,需要经过层层代理才能到达消费者手中。人人牧场大大缩短了销售渠道,消费者能享受到价格与质量上的双重优惠。   “奶农如果只靠给乳企供应原奶,生存会非常困难。”王景星说,“我们现在还算不上雪中送炭,但也希望能帮奶农解决一些问题。”(应受访者要求,文中部分人物为化名)相关的主题文章: