Oxygen Permeability Of Contact Lenses Materials-tianbi

Health Speaking of contact lenses, the most common thing we thought of is their ‘contact’ effect. Contact lenses correct vision by directly adhering to the surface of eye cornea to change dipodic. Therefore, they possess a lot of unique merits comparing with other frame glasses. For example, it applies no compression to nose bridge and ears of wearers and are especially applicable to some special professions such as actor and athlete. Actually, the functions of contact lenses are not limit to the correction of shortsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism. They have other functions such as treating color blindness and some ophthalmopathy by medication absorption. 1. Requirements of Contact Lens Materials Wearers attach particular importance to the selection of lens material because it adheres to eye cornea directly. With the publicity of advertisement, many wearers go in for lenses of high moisture content in selecting contact lenses. In their eyes, the higher the moisture content, the better the lens quality. In fact, the pursuit of higher moisture content is very wrong in contact lens selection. Wearers should also take secretory volume of tears, working environment and surroundings into account. Actually, oxygen permeability of lenses is the most important index. O2 deficit, which is caused by inability of eye cornea to obtain O2, is the most common trouble of wearing contact lenses. Originally, cornea breathes by obtaining O2 from air directly. When contact lens adheres to eyeball surface, O2 can still transmits through lenses, but the transmitting rate reduces obviously. Newly increased vessel caused by cornea O2 deficit will appear as red heron and will increase the opportunity of infection of eyes. For that reason, contact lenses of higher oxygen permeability should be selected. Oxygen permeability of lenses is related with lens moisture content and lens thickness because O2 is transmitted by water. However, the pacing factor that influences wearing effect is whether contact lenses match eye cornea. 2. Oxygen Permeability Testing As spoken above, oxygen permeability of contact lenses has a direct influence on wearer amenity and will in turn affect the sales condition. That is why oxygen permeability testing attracts particular attention of lens manufacturers. ISO issued special testing standards for the oxygen permeability testing of contact lenses: ISO 9913-1 Optics and optical instruments-Contact lenses-Part 1: Determination of oxygen permeability and transmissibility with the FATT method and ISO 9913-2Optics and Optical Instruments -Contact lenses-Part2: Determination of oxygen permeability and transmissibility by the coulometric method. Testing principal and testing instruments in ISO 9913-2 is very similar with that used in coulometric method in oxygen permeability testing of flexible material. Many manufacturers of contact lens commit Labthink to test the oxygen permeability of lens materials and got ideal testing results. ISO 9913-2 is suitable for rigid and non-hydrogel flexible contact lens materials. The testing indexes are oxygen flux-j, oxygen permeability -Dk, oxygen transmissibility-Dk/t and specimen thickness-t. Generally, Dk is used to evaluate the permeability index of contact lenses. Testing principle is illustrated as fig. 1: put specimen into testing chamber to divide the chamber into upper and lower parts. Fill testing gas into upper chamber with the oxygen content at a fixed rate. Carrier gas flows into coulometric sensor from lower chamber, by which an equal pressure between two sides of the specimen is maintained. However, O2 partial pressure is different. Under the function of partial pressure, oxygen will transmits into carrier gas through film and will be carried into coulometric sensor, where oxygen quantity in nitrogen gas can be calculated accurately and then oxygen transmissibility of the material can be calculated. Oxygen permeability instrument should be calibrated with referince film before formal testing to determine the calibration factor, which will be used in formal testing calibration. It is regulated in standard ISO 9913 that calibration specimen SRM 1470 is the same as that used in standard ASTM D 3985 for film testing. Testing process includes the following steps: purging system, diverge O2 gas into upper chamber, sensor output become stable (judging whether transmitting achieves equilibrium), and obtain testing result. There are mainly two differences between testing of contact lenses and flexible package testing: one is the specimen fixture, specimen shape and area. The second difference is testing environment. Testing temperature of film oxygen permeability is 23. To simulate practical service condition, testing temperature of contact lenses is 35 .Since temperature fluctuation has an obvious influence on testing results of oxygen permeability, the stability of testing temperature is of great significance. Therefore, it is better that the instruments possess function of temperature controlling, just as Labthink TOY-C2 oxygen permeability instrument do. 3. Influence of Lenses Suitability on Oxygen Permeability Whether contact lenses are suitable mainly depends on the perfection of suitability. A good pair of contact lenses should matches perfectly with eye cornea. There is a layer of tear existing between them and is constant flowing .The tears bring oxygen to cornea and take off waste substance. In this way, contact lenses will not change the normal physiological condition of eyes and will not impair eye cornea. Otherwise, even if ultra thin lenses of high moisture content will also adhere closely to the cornea. Under this case, O2 flowing can only be realized relying on moisture content and lens thickness. Of course, no matter what the suitability is, high oxygen permeability is favorable. 4. Conclusion Oxygen permeability of contact lens, which has a direct influence on wearer amenity, is an important index. That is why manufacturers of various contact lenses are trying their best to improve oxygen permeability of contact lenses. At present, the popularization of PGP has obviously influenced market share of traditional flexible contact lenses. The outstanding merit of RGP is high oxygen permeability, which make no oxygen deficit of eye cornea. With RGP, many complications caused by flexible contact lenses can be avoided. Therefore, RGP become known and encouraged by most experts. For more: www.labthinkinternational.com or [email protected] 相关的主题文章: